words3 I know I’m a day late, but I did find a couple of words worth looking up this week. Both are from Bread and Wine: Readings for Lent and Easter.

The first is from “Believing Is Seeing” by  by Romano Guardini.

obduracy– The state or quality of being intractable or hardened.

Thomas was standing a hairsbreadth away from obduracy and perdition.

The second is from “The Mystery of Jesus” by Blaise Pascal.

concupiscence– A strong desire, especially sexual desire; lust.

I see the depths of my pride, curiosity, concupiscence.

This is not exactly a wondrous word, but this week my husband said they were going “balls to the wall”  on a project at work. For some reason, I started wondering where that phrase could have come from. Here’s what I learned from Slate.com, if you’re interested.

The expression comes from the world of military aviation. In many planes, control sticks are topped with a ball-shaped grip. One such control is the throttle—to get maximum power you push it all the way forward, to the front of the cockpit, or firewall (so-called because it prevents an engine fire from reaching the rest of the plane). Another control is the joystick—pushing it forward sends a plane into a dive. So, literally pushing the balls to the (fire)wall would put a plane into a maximum-speed dive, and figuratively going balls to the wall is doing something all-out, with maximum effort. The phrase is essentially the aeronautical equivalent of the automotive “pedal to the metal.”

The expression is first found in military-aviation sources that date from the Vietnam War, and it was recorded in the slang of U.S. Air Force Academy cadets in 1969. Although no evidence from the period has come to light, Korean War veterans have also reliably claimed to have used the expression in the 1950s. An earlier parallel is balls-out, in the same sense, which is found in military-aviation sources that date from World War II. (The phrase was also painted on the nose of at least one fighter plane.) In both cases it’s likely that the possibility of an anatomical interpretation has helped the expressions gain wider use.

See what other wondrous words were “discovered” this week at Bermudaonion’s Weblog.